Σεμινάριο με on-going project
1. Εν Αρχή...
Sistine Madonna (c. 1513-1516)
Oil on canvas, 265 x 196 cm, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Τι θέλουν να δουν;
The cover of the September 21, 1889, issue of Puck magazine, featuring cartoonist Tom Merry's depiction of the unidentified Whitechapel murderer Jack the Ripper.
George Lusk, President of the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee.
Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a news story. It is now usually understood to refer only to still images, and in some cases to video used in broadcast journalism. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (such as documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by the qualities of:
- Timeliness (Χρονικότητα) — the images have meaning in the context of a recently published record of events.
- Sobriety (Αντικειμενικότητα - νηφαλιότητα)— the situation implied by the images is a fair and accurate representation of the events they depict in both tone and content.
- Narrative (Αφηγηματικότητα) — the images combine with other news elements, to make facts relatable to the viewer or reader on a cultural level.
- Κάποτε στον Τύπο…
- Εφερναν το θέμα πριν γραφτεί το θέμα
- Τραβούσαν, εμφάνιζαν, ρετουσάριζαν, παρέδιδαν, υπόγραφαν
- Πήγαιναν συνεχώς σε αποστολές
- Θέλω θέματα και φωτογραφίες για τα θέματα…
- Φέρτε μου φωτογραφίες… Δύο τρόποι:
- Ψάχνω – Βρίσκω – Προτείνω
- Μου προτείνουν – Μου περιγράφουν - Φωτογραφίζω
- ΕΙΔΗ ΦΩΤΟΓΡΑΦΙΩΝ
Β. Φωτογραφίες Δρόμου (και Ταξιδιού)
Γ. Φωτογραφίες Διασημοτήτων
Δ. Φωτογραφίες Μόδας
- Φωτογραφίες που σχολιάζουν…
- Φωτογραφίες που αποκαλύπτουν…
Display the photograph of Kim Phuc taken during the Vietnam war (see Resources section).
Ask students whether they recognise the photograph. Allow time for them to respond.
Ask them to describe what they see. Elicit responses before describing the photograph in detail:
'Here we see a nine year old girl, running naked down a road, screaming in agony from the jellied gasoline coating her body and burning through skin and muscle down to the bone. Her village in the central highlands of Vietnam was napalmed on June 8, 1972, and she took a direct hit. Two of her brothers were killed instantly.'
Explain the circumstances under which the photograph was taken. Highlight the following:
- The photographer who captured the horrific moment was called Nick Ut.
- The girl was covered in third degree burns all over her body and was not expected to live. Her pain was unbearable.
- Nick drove her to hospital, where she would spend the next 14 months.
- The photo won the Pulitzer Prize and instant fame for the subject of the photograph, Kim Phuc, who became the living symbol of innocent war victims.
- Nick and Kim were reunited many years later.
Is the media helping us to understand the world, or should we be shielded from images of suffering?
At this very moment, over 30 wars and conflicts are raging around the world. Many of these wars go unreported, often due to political expediency or lack of interest.
Perhaps we need to remind ourselves that every photograph we see tells a deeply personal story and that, sadly, there are many stories like the one we have explored today, happening right now.
Most of these terrible moments are never captured or communicated to us by journalists or photographers like Nick Ut.'
- Φωτογραφίες που εξαπατούν…
Τα θαύματα της τεχνολογίας
Διάβασε το κομμάτι του Αντώνη Καρκαγιάννη!
Νέα κοινή δήλωση Πολύδωρα-Γιακουμάτου-Μανώλη-Αρη Σπη: "Ναι, τις φωτιές τις βάζουν οι phototoshopάδες!"
- Φωτογραφίες που ντύνουν-στολίζουν-νοικοκυρεύουν (περιζήτητες)
Την χρειαζόμαστε... Δεν είναι Ο,ΤΙ καλύτερο! Εξω δεν θα βρεις τόσο άνοστες φωτογραφίες...
Εχουμε ανάγκη από καλύτερες...
Σαφώς καλύτερη φωτογραφία "γενικής χρήσης"!
Τέτοιες τραβάς με μεράκι και προσωπική έρευνα...
Αυτή την έχουν όλα τα έντυπα...
Ομως και το δικό μας θέλει μία...
Αυτές μας τις δίνουν μαζί με δελτία τύπου...
Θα έπρεπε να είχαμε τη δυνατότητα να τις τραβάμε εμείς...
Κι αυτή επίσης...
Εδώ το ψάξαμε λίγο παραπάνω...
Τουλάχιστον έχει στόρι!
Αλλά δεν είναι φωτογραφία...
Είναι από βίντεο!
- Σχολιαστής – Η πίσω πλευρά των πραγμάτων
- National Geographic – Η αθώα ματιά – Ανακαλύπτοντας το κοινότοτοπο
- Η καμένη χελώνα και ο τοίχος που πέφτει…
- Ένα κεφαλάκι της Πετραλιά
- Σήμερα στον φωτο-Τύπο
- Ολοι έχουν τον εξοπλισμό
- Ολοι έχουν τη δυνατότητα
- Ολοι είναι ΕΚΕΙ!
- Ολοι δεν έχουν την ματιά, τις γνώσεις, το κριτήριο, το αισθητήριο
- Ολοι δεν μπορούν να τραβήξουν Μόδα
- Και κείμενα…
- Και photoshopιές
- Και εξοικείωση με το free-lancing
- Και αρχείο
i. Αντικείμενα καθημερινής χρήσης
iii. Καθημερινά πρόσωπα
iv. Καθημερινά μέρη
- Και Υφος-ύφος-ύφος
- Και να είσαι ΕΚΕΙ!
Well-known documentary photographers
U.S. documentary photographers
Bandit's Roost by Jacob Riis, 1888, from How the Other Half Lives. This image is Bandit's Roost at 59½ Mulberry Street, considered the most crime-ridden, dangerous part of New York City.
"Afghan Girl" (Sharbat Gula) Steve McCurry's most famous picture:
Walker Evans (November 3, 1903 – April 10, 1975) was an American photographer best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration documenting the effects of the Great Depression. Much of Evans' work from the FSA period uses the large-format, 8x10-inch camera. He wrote that his goal as a photographer was to make pictures that are "literate, authoritative, transcendent." Many of his works are in the permanent collections of museums, and have been the subject of retrospectives at such institutions as The Metropolitan Museum of Art
European documentary photographers
Cartier-Bresson's Impact On Photojournalism
- ID no:
- This woman is photographed guarding her pitch in Caledonian Market. Sellers would rush through the iron gates to claim a spot where they could either set up a stall or display their goods on the ground. Second-hand shoe stalls were a typical sight amongst the array of silverware, antiques, food and bric-a-brac. Cyril Arapoff produced many images of the popular market, as did other notable photographers such as Bill Brandt, who photographed this same woman.
- Object size:
- whole: 214 x 139 mm
- Production Date:
- Arapoff, Cyril
- Museum of London
August Sander (German, 1876–1964)
German, Westerwald, 1920
Gelatin silver print
10 7/8 x 8 15/16 in.
German, about 1913
August Sander (German, 1876–1964)
Organ Grinder (1898)
Jungle between Las Margarita and San Quintin, Tojolabal Indians 1955
"I hate the poor people. I should hate only the petroleum companies and logging guys, but all are butchers of the land. " (TRUDI 23) Photographer: Gertrude Blom ©2007 Asociación Cultural Na Bolom A.C.
Η Μαρία μπορεί να μην κρατάει, όπως η Μαντόνα Σιστίνα, το παιδί στα χέρια της. Κοιτάζει όμως ακριβώς στο ίδιο σημείο με εκείνη!
Ω, μην ανησυχείτε...
Images have become the mainstay of our experience of historical events and occasionally people have felt the need to manipulate those images to support their views or manipulate the truth. Since the advent of the Internet, we are now also seeing a large number of “photoshopped” images created for humor or popularity. This is a list of 15 of the most famous manipulated images. These images are shown in no particular order. Click images for a larger view.
15. Harding and Kerrigan skate together
This digital composite of Olympic ice skaters Tanya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan appeared on the cover of New York Newsday. The picture showed the rivals practicing together, shortly after an attack on Kerrigan by an associate of Harding’s husband. The picture caption reads: “Tonya Harding, left, and Nancy Kerrigan, appear to skate together in this New York Newsday composite illustration. Tomorrow, they’ll really take to the ice together.”
14. O.J. Simpson Covers
In the summer of 1994, O.J. Simpson was arrested for the murders of his ex-wife Nicole Smith and her friend. News publications were plastering his mugshot everywhere as it was turning out to be the trial of the Century. Notably, TIME Magazine published an edition featuring an altered mugshot, removing the photograph’s color saturation (which some accused of making Simpson’s skin darker), burning the corners, and reducing the size of the prisoner ID number. This appeared on newsstands right next to an unaltered picture by Newsweek.
13. The Shark and the Helicopter
Helicopter Shark is a composition of two photographs that gives the impression that a Great white shark is leaping out of the water attacking military personnel climbing a suspended ladder attached to a special forces UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter. The photo was widely circulated via email in 2001, along with a claim that it had been chosen as “National Geographic Photo of the Year”. The final edited photo was created by combining a photograph of a HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter taken by Lance Cheung for United States Air Force (USAF), and a photo taken by South African photographer Charles Maxwell. While the helicopter photo was in fact taken in front of the Golden Gate Bridge, the photo of the shark was actually taken in False Bay, South Africa. There are no known sightings of Great White sharks in San Francisco Bay.
12. Tourist Guy
Soon after Sept 11th, 2001, this picture was clogging everyone’s e-mails. It is supposed to be the last picture taken on a roll of film from a camera that somehow managed to survive the decimation of everything in the Twin Towers. It was soon to be found as an altered image. Firstly, the weather on the image did not match the real weather on September 11th, 2001. Secondly, he is standing on the south tower, but the first tower to be hit was the north tower. Thirdly, the observation deck of the WTC was not open when the planes hit. Fourth, the aircraft that struck the WTC were traveling at such a velocity that only an extremely fast shutter speed would have rendered the amount of detail on the aircraft pictured. Finally, the plane on the picture is an American Boeing 757, while the planes that hit the WTC were Boeing 767s.
11. George Bush edited out
The altered image (left) was part of George Bush’s political campaign in 2004. He is digitally taken out by copying and pasting existing soldiers over the podium. Later, campaign managers would admit to the altering of the image. The Bush campaign corrected and re-shipped the campaign to TV stations.
10. Kerry and Fonda Protest
In 2004, an Anti-Kerry campaign was run to tarnish his name. This picture shows Kerry associating with Jane Fonda a vilified anti-war protester. The picture was mocked up to look like a news clipping from the ‘70s. The composite of two different images were of Kerry taken on June 13, 1971 and of Jane Fonda taken in August, 1972.
9. Lukket’s 50s RAND Computer
This image was of an entry in a photoshop contest on popular site Fark.com. The “theme” was of a picture of a submarine control panel mockup. He did such a job on the image that before the contest ended, it was already spread around the internet on bulletin boards and in emails. This caused Snopes.com (myth debunking site) to write up an article. After the snopes article, the photgraph won the contest. The image continued to confuse people from Sept. 2004-March of 2006 including newspapers like the San Luis Obispo Tribune who credited Popular Mechanics and TV and radio personalities such as “Bob and Tom”.
8. 2006 Lebanon War Photographs
In 2006, a reporter from Reuters was covering news about the Isreal-Lebonon conflict. This was the image he used to go with the story. “Hajj claimed he had just been trying to remove dust marks, and that he made mistakes due to the bad lighting conditions he was working under. Critics point out that this is impossible, as Hajj’s doctored image added an entire plume of smoke, duplicated several buildings, and showed a repeating pattern indicating that one plume of smoke was “cloned” several times.”
7. Katie Couric’s weight loss
In 2006, when Katie Couric announced she would be replacing Dan Rather permanently on CBS evening news, marketing was pushed forward. The picture on the right became her “official image”. A CBS photo specialist shaped Miss Couric from the original on the left. Miss Couric’s remarks were “I liked the first picture better because there’s more of me to love”.
The picture above was taken by L.Y. Leonidov on Nov 7, 1919 as the Soviet Union was celebrating the second anniversary of the October Revolution. In the centre is Lenin with his trade mark goatee and wearing a Soviet cap. Two people over to Lenin’s left is Trotsky wearing glasses and giving a salute. At this time Trotsky was a still a powerful figure in Russia and held the powerful chairman of the Supreme Military Council position. In 1967 in time for the V.I. Lenin in the Art of Photography, in Moscow, Trotsky and three others (Kamenev, Khalatov, and unknown) were airbrushed out of the photo.
5. Abraham Lincoln
This nearly iconic portrait of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is a composite of Lincoln’s head and the Southern politician John Calhoun’s body. Putting the date of this image into context, note that the first permanent photographic image was created in 1826 and the Eastman Dry Plate Company (later to become Eastman Kodak) was created in 1881.
4. Josef Stalin
Stalin routinely air-brushed his enemies out of photographs. In this photograph a commissar (Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov) was removed from the original photograph after falling out of favor with Stalin.
3. Kent State
This Pulitzer Prize winning photo by John Filo shows Mary Ann Vecchio screaming as she kneels over the body of student Jeffrey Miller at Kent State University, where National Guardsmen had fired into a crowd of demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine. The original photograph shows a fence post directly behind Vecchio, that was removed in the published version.
2. National Geographic
In this National Geographic magazine cover story on Egypt, the Great Pyramids of Giza, in a horizontal picture by Gordon Gahen, were “squeezed” together to fit the magazine’s vertical format. Tom Kennedy, who became the director of photography at National Geographic after the cover was manipulated, stated that “We no longer use that technology to manipulate elements in a photo simply to achieve a more compelling graphic effect. We regarded that afterwards as a mistake, and we wouldn’t repeat that mistake today”.
1. Political Correctness
Hoping to illustrate its diverse enrollment, the University of Wisconsin at Madison doctored a photograph on a brochure cover by digitally inserting a black student in a crowd of white football fans. The original photograph of white fans was taken in 1993. The additional black student, senior Diallo Shabazz, was taken in 1994. University officials said that they spent the summer looking for pictures that would show the school’s diversity — but had no luck.