Τρίτη, 11 Δεκεμβρίου 2007

Σεμινάριο Φωτογραφίας 2007 - Β'

Σεμινάριο Φωτογραφίας

Σεμινάριο με on-going project


1. Εν Αρχή...


Sistine Madonna (c. 1513-1516)
Oil on canvas, 265 x 196 cm, Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden


Τι βλέπουν;

Τι θέλουν να δουν;


The cover of the September 21, 1889, issue of Puck magazine, featuring cartoonist Tom Merry's depiction of the unidentified Whitechapel murderer Jack the Ripper.

George Lusk, President of the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee.

2. Φωτο-Δημοσιογραφία

Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a news story. It is now usually understood to refer only to still images, and in some cases to video used in broadcast journalism. Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (such as documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by the qualities of:

  • Timeliness (Χρονικότητα) — the images have meaning in the context of a recently published record of events.
  • Sobriety (Αντικειμενικότητα - νηφαλιότητα)— the situation implied by the images is a fair and accurate representation of the events they depict in both tone and content.
  • Narrative (Αφηγηματικότητα) — the images combine with other news elements, to make facts relatable to the viewer or reader on a cultural level.

  • Κάποτε στον Τύπο…

    1. Εφερναν το θέμα πριν γραφτεί το θέμα
    2. Τραβούσαν, εμφάνιζαν, ρετουσάριζαν, παρέδιδαν, υπόγραφαν
    3. Πήγαιναν συνεχώς σε αποστολές

  • Θέλω θέματα και φωτογραφίες για τα θέματα…

  • Φέρτε μου φωτογραφίες… Δύο τρόποι:
    1. Ψάχνω – Βρίσκω – Προτείνω
    2. Μου προτείνουν – Μου περιγράφουν - Φωτογραφίζω

  1. ΕΙΔΗ ΦΩΤΟΓΡΑΦΙΩΝ
Α. Φωτογραφίες Γεγονότων
Β. Φωτογραφίες Δρόμου (και Ταξιδιού)
Γ. Φωτογραφίες Διασημοτήτων
Δ. Φωτογραφίες Μόδας


    1. Φωτογραφίες που σχολιάζουν…

i. Lebanon: By Spencer Platt (Getty Images). Original caption: Affluent Lebanese drive down the street to look at a destroyed neighbourhood 15 August 2006 in southern Beirut, Lebanon

    1. Φωτογραφίες που αποκαλύπτουν…

Display the photograph of Kim Phuc taken during the Vietnam war (see Resources section).

Ask students whether they recognise the photograph. Allow time for them to respond.

Ask them to describe what they see. Elicit responses before describing the photograph in detail:

'Here we see a nine year old girl, running naked down a road, screaming in agony from the jellied gasoline coating her body and burning through skin and muscle down to the bone. Her village in the central highlands of Vietnam was napalmed on June 8, 1972, and she took a direct hit. Two of her brothers were killed instantly.'

Explain the circumstances under which the photograph was taken. Highlight the following:

  • The photographer who captured the horrific moment was called Nick Ut.
  • The girl was covered in third degree burns all over her body and was not expected to live. Her pain was unbearable.
  • Nick drove her to hospital, where she would spend the next 14 months.
  • The photo won the Pulitzer Prize and instant fame for the subject of the photograph, Kim Phuc, who became the living symbol of innocent war victims.
  • Nick and Kim were reunited many years later.
As war photography and photographs of other extreme situations like famines and droughts become even more explicit, some people argue that we have seen too much, that we are desensitised.

Is the media helping us to understand the world, or should we be shielded from images of suffering?

At this very moment, over 30 wars and conflicts are raging around the world. Many of these wars go unreported, often due to political expediency or lack of interest.

Perhaps we need to remind ourselves that every photograph we see tells a deeply personal story and that, sadly, there are many stories like the one we have explored today, happening right now.

Most of these terrible moments are never captured or communicated to us by journalists or photographers like Nick Ut.'

    1. Φωτογραφίες που εξαπατούν…

(Photograph)
GONE IN AN INSTANT: Nikolai Yezhov was once a trusted adviser of Stalin. But when he became Stalin's enemy, his image was removed from public record. These photos are part of 'Stories From Russia,' a current exhibition about the falsification of photos at the Photographers' Gallery in London.

(Photograph)
NOW YOU SEE HIM, NOW YOU DON'T: After Ricky Clemons (inset) was kicked off the University of Missouri's basketball team, the athletic department removed his image from the 2003-04 basketball media guide and replaced it with an altered segment (right).

Τα θαύματα της τεχνολογίας

Η εικόνα “http://news.kathimerini.gr/kathnews/photos/31-07-07/31-07-07_236111_1.gif” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.
Διάβασε το κομμάτι του Αντώνη Καρκαγιάννη!

Νέα κοινή δήλωση Πολύδωρα-Γιακουμάτου-Μανώλη-Αρη Σπη: "Ναι, τις φωτιές τις βάζουν οι phototoshopάδες!"

...
...

Κάπου υπάρχει ακόμη Δημοσιογραφική δεοντολογία

...

    1. Φωτογραφίες που ντύνουν-στολίζουν-νοικοκυρεύουν (περιζήτητες)
Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=161398&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Την χρειαζόμαστε... Δεν είναι Ο,ΤΙ καλύτερο! Εξω δεν θα βρεις τόσο άνοστες φωτογραφίες...
Εχουμε ανάγκη από καλύτερες...

Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=165678&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Σαφώς καλύτερη φωτογραφία "γενικής χρήσης"!
Τέτοιες τραβάς με μεράκι και προσωπική έρευνα...


Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=162507&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Αυτή την έχουν όλα τα έντυπα...
Ομως και το δικό μας θέλει μία...

Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=163885&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Αυτές μας τις δίνουν μαζί με δελτία τύπου...
Κακώς!
Θα έπρεπε να είχαμε τη δυνατότητα να τις τραβάμε εμείς...

Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=164645&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Κι αυτή επίσης...

Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=164644&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Εδώ το ψάξαμε λίγο παραπάνω...
Τουλάχιστον έχει στόρι!

Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=165180&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Ασήμαντη;
Λάθος!
Πολύ σημαντική!


Η εικόνα “http://assets.in.gr/AssetService/Image.ashx?m=165429&r=0&p=0&t=0&q=100&v=0&w=343” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

Καλή!
Αλλά δεν είναι φωτογραφία...
Είναι από βίντεο!

  1. ΠΑΡΑΔΕΙΓΜΑΤΑ
    1. Σχολιαστής – Η πίσω πλευρά των πραγμάτων
    1. National Geographic – Η αθώα ματιά – Ανακαλύπτοντας το κοινότοτοπο
    1. Η καμένη χελώνα και ο τοίχος που πέφτει…
Ο μαζουτιασμένος ερωδιός

    1. Ένα κεφαλάκι της Πετραλιά

  1. Σήμερα στον φωτο-Τύπο
    1. Ολοι έχουν τον εξοπλισμό
    2. Ολοι έχουν τη δυνατότητα
    3. Ολοι είναι ΕΚΕΙ!
    4. Ολοι δεν έχουν την ματιά, τις γνώσεις, το κριτήριο, το αισθητήριο
    5. Ολοι δεν μπορούν να τραβήξουν Μόδα
    6. Και κείμενα…
    7. Και photoshopιές
    8. Και εξοικείωση με το free-lancing
    9. Foto-blogs
    10. Κολλεκτίβες
    11. Και αρχείο

i. Αντικείμενα καθημερινής χρήσης

ii. Κεφαλάκια

iii. Καθημερινά πρόσωπα

iv. Καθημερινά μέρη

    1. Και Υφος-ύφος-ύφος
    2. Και να είσαι ΕΚΕΙ!

--------------

Well-known documentary photographers

U.S. documentary photographers

Image:Bandit's Roost by Jacob Riis.jpeg
Bandit's Roost by Jacob Riis, 1888, from How the Other Half Lives. This image is Bandit's Roost at 59½ Mulberry Street, considered the most crime-ridden, dangerous part of New York City.
Bandit's_Roost_by_Jacob_Riis.jpeg
Image:Lewis Hine Power house mechanic working on steam pump.jpg
"Power house mechanic working on steam pump," 1920‎
(July 17, 1898December 9, 1991), born Bernice Abbott, was an American photographer best known for her black-and-white photography of New York City architecture and urban design of the 1930s.
Steve McCurry (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 1950) is an American photojournalist best known for his photograph, "Afghan Girl" that originally appeared in National Geographic magazine
"Afghan Girl" (Sharbat Gula) Steve McCurry's most famous picture:



Walker Evans (November 3, 1903April 10, 1975) was an American photographer best known for his work for the Farm Security Administration documenting the effects of the Great Depression. Much of Evans' work from the FSA period uses the large-format, 8x10-inch camera. He wrote that his goal as a photographer was to make pictures that are "literate, authoritative, transcendent."[citation needed] Many of his works are in the permanent collections of museums, and have been the subject of retrospectives at such institutions as The Metropolitan Museum of Art[1]

Evans' photo of Allie Mae Burroughs, a symbol of the Great Depression

Evans' photo of Allie Mae Burroughs, a symbol of the Great Depression
Dorothea Lange (May 25, 1895October 11, 1965) was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA). Lange's photographs humanized the tragic consequences of the Great Depression and profoundly influenced the development of documentary photography.

Lange's Migrant Mother, Florence Owens Thompson


Lange's photo of the Japanese Relocation

Lange's photo of the Japanese Relocation

Lange's Migrant Mother, Florence Owens Thompson

Mary Ellen Mark (born, March 20, 1940 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American photographer, known for her images which fall between social photojournalism and portraiture.

Zimbabwean woman, by Mary Ellen Mark, 1984

Zimbabwean woman, by Mary Ellen Mark, 1984

William Eugene Smith (1918-1978) was an American photojournalist known for his refusal to compromise professional standards and his brutally vivid World War II photographs.

An example of W. Eugene Smith's war photography for Life.

An example of W. Eugene Smith's war photography for Life.


Yank Artillery Kills Japs, 1944, silver print, ca 1944, 8 1/2 x 6 5/8.


European documentary photographers

Henri Cartier-Bresson (August 22, 1908August 3, 2004) was a French photographer considered to be the father of modern photojournalism, an early adopter of 35 mm format, and the master of candid photography. He helped develop the "street photography" style that has influenced generations of photographers that followed.

Cartier-Bresson's Impact On Photojournalism

Henri Cartier-Bresson, Behind the Gare St. Lazare (cropped; this is a detail only)

Henri Cartier-Bresson, Behind the Gare St. Lazare (cropped; this is a detail only)

Bill Brandt (May 3, 1904December 20, 1983) was an influential British photographer and photojournalist known for his high-contrast images of British society and his distorted nudes and landscapes.

ID no:
MoL_IN14473
Description:
This woman is photographed guarding her pitch in Caledonian Market. Sellers would rush through the iron gates to claim a spot where they could either set up a stall or display their goods on the ground. Second-hand shoe stalls were a typical sight amongst the array of silverware, antiques, food and bric-a-brac. Cyril Arapoff produced many images of the popular market, as did other notable photographers such as Bill Brandt, who photographed this same woman.
Object size:
whole: 214 x 139 mm
Production Date:
1935
Maker:
Arapoff, Cyril
Copyright:
Museum of London

August Sander (November 17, 1876April 20, 1964) was a German photographer.



August Sander (German, 1876–1964)

Pastrycook, 1928

Enlarge

August Sander
German, Westerwald, 1920
Gelatin silver print
10 7/8 x 8 15/16 in.
84.XM.126.4



Enlarge
August Sander
German, about 1913



August Sander (German, 1876–1964)
Eugène Atget (18571927) was a French photographer noted for his photographs documenting the architecture and street scenes of Paris.

Image:Atget organ grinder.jpg
Organ Grinder (1898)

Image:Atget - Avenue des Gobelins.jpg

Gertrude "Trudi" Duby Blom (1901 - 1993) was a journalist, social anthropologist, and documentary photographer who spent five decades documenting the Mayan cultures of Chiapas, Mexico, particularly the culture of the Lacandon Maya. She was also a pioneering environmental activist. Her home in San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas, Casa Na Bolom, has been preserved as a cultural and research center devoted to the protection and preservation of the Lacandon Maya and La Selva Lacandona rain forest.

Jungle between Las Margarita and San Quintin, Tojolabal Indians 1955

Jungle between Las Margarita and San Quintin, Tojolabal Indians 1955

"I hate the poor people. I should hate only the petroleum companies and logging guys, but all are butchers of the land. " (TRUDI 23) Photographer: Gertrude Blom ©2007 Asociación Cultural Na Bolom A.C.



Προς τι ο τρόμος στα μάτια τους; (Ενα ακόμη βλέμμα - Δήλεσι ...)

Μαρία Παντίσκα, 4 μήνες μετά τη σφαγή της μάνας της.Η φωτογραφία πρωτοδημοσιεύτηκε στο περιοδικό: LIFE στις 29.11.1994



Η Μαρία μπορεί να μην κρατάει, όπως η Μαντόνα Σιστίνα, το παιδί στα χέρια της. Κοιτάζει όμως ακριβώς στο ίδιο σημείο με εκείνη!

Τι βλέπει;

Η εικόνα “http://www.assassinations.net/frame313.jpg” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.
Η εικόνα “http://www.assassinations.net/ambassadorpantry.jpg” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.
Η εικόνα “http://www.assassinations.net/lorrainemotel.jpg” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.
Η εικόνα “http://www.assassinations.net/dianacar.jpg” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.


Η εικόνα “http://www.eastrenfrewshire.gov.uk/10247.jpg” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.
Η εικόνα “http://www.bosnia.org.uk/images/reports/srebrenica%20-%20safet%20zec1.jpg” δεν μπορεί να προβληθεί επειδή περιέχει σφάλματα.

http://www.holocaust-education.dk/images/billeder/77021.jpg


Ω, μην ανησυχείτε...

http://www.wilpf.org/files/Hiroshima.jpg


http://www.smarthistory.org/images/goya3may.jpg




Images have become the mainstay of our experience of historical events and occasionally people have felt the need to manipulate those images to support their views or manipulate the truth. Since the advent of the Internet, we are now also seeing a large number of “photoshopped” images created for humor or popularity. This is a list of 15 of the most famous manipulated images. These images are shown in no particular order. Click images for a larger view.

15. Harding and Kerrigan skate together

Hardingkerrigan

This digital composite of Olympic ice skaters Tanya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan appeared on the cover of New York Newsday. The picture showed the rivals practicing together, shortly after an attack on Kerrigan by an associate of Harding’s husband. The picture caption reads: “Tonya Harding, left, and Nancy Kerrigan, appear to skate together in this New York Newsday composite illustration. Tomorrow, they’ll really take to the ice together.”

14. O.J. Simpson Covers

Oj Simpson Newsweek Time

In the summer of 1994, O.J. Simpson was arrested for the murders of his ex-wife Nicole Smith and her friend. News publications were plastering his mugshot everywhere as it was turning out to be the trial of the Century. Notably, TIME Magazine published an edition featuring an altered mugshot, removing the photograph’s color saturation (which some accused of making Simpson’s skin darker), burning the corners, and reducing the size of the prisoner ID number. This appeared on newsstands right next to an unaltered picture by Newsweek.

13. The Shark and the Helicopter

 Shark Attack 01-1

Helicopter Shark is a composition of two photographs that gives the impression that a Great white shark is leaping out of the water attacking military personnel climbing a suspended ladder attached to a special forces UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter. The photo was widely circulated via email in 2001, along with a claim that it had been chosen as “National Geographic Photo of the Year”. The final edited photo was created by combining a photograph of a HH-60G Pave Hawk helicopter taken by Lance Cheung for United States Air Force (USAF), and a photo taken by South African photographer Charles Maxwell. While the helicopter photo was in fact taken in front of the Golden Gate Bridge, the photo of the shark was actually taken in False Bay, South Africa. There are no known sightings of Great White sharks in San Francisco Bay.

12. Tourist Guy

Tourist Guy

Soon after Sept 11th, 2001, this picture was clogging everyone’s e-mails. It is supposed to be the last picture taken on a roll of film from a camera that somehow managed to survive the decimation of everything in the Twin Towers. It was soon to be found as an altered image. Firstly, the weather on the image did not match the real weather on September 11th, 2001. Secondly, he is standing on the south tower, but the first tower to be hit was the north tower. Thirdly, the observation deck of the WTC was not open when the planes hit. Fourth, the aircraft that struck the WTC were traveling at such a velocity that only an extremely fast shutter speed would have rendered the amount of detail on the aircraft pictured. Finally, the plane on the picture is an American Boeing 757, while the planes that hit the WTC were Boeing 767s.

11. George Bush edited out

Georgebush1+2-1

The altered image (left) was part of George Bush’s political campaign in 2004. He is digitally taken out by copying and pasting existing soldiers over the podium. Later, campaign managers would admit to the altering of the image. The Bush campaign corrected and re-shipped the campaign to TV stations.

10. Kerry and Fonda Protest

Kerryfonda1+2+3

In 2004, an Anti-Kerry campaign was run to tarnish his name. This picture shows Kerry associating with Jane Fonda a vilified anti-war protester. The picture was mocked up to look like a news clipping from the ‘70s. The composite of two different images were of Kerry taken on June 13, 1971 and of Jane Fonda taken in August, 1972.

9. Lukket’s 50s RAND Computer

Lukket-50S-Computer-Hoax

This image was of an entry in a photoshop contest on popular site Fark.com. The “theme” was of a picture of a submarine control panel mockup. He did such a job on the image that before the contest ended, it was already spread around the internet on bulletin boards and in emails. This caused Snopes.com (myth debunking site) to write up an article. After the snopes article, the photgraph won the contest. The image continued to confuse people from Sept. 2004-March of 2006 including newspapers like the San Luis Obispo Tribune who credited Popular Mechanics and TV and radio personalities such as “Bob and Tom”.

More after this message...



8. 2006 Lebanon War Photographs

Adnan Hajj Beirut Photo Comparison

In 2006, a reporter from Reuters was covering news about the Isreal-Lebonon conflict. This was the image he used to go with the story. “Hajj claimed he had just been trying to remove dust marks, and that he made mistakes due to the bad lighting conditions he was working under. Critics point out that this is impossible, as Hajj’s doctored image added an entire plume of smoke, duplicated several buildings, and showed a repeating pattern indicating that one plume of smoke was “cloned” several times.”

7. Katie Couric’s weight loss

Couricaug

In 2006, when Katie Couric announced she would be replacing Dan Rather permanently on CBS evening news, marketing was pushed forward. The picture on the right became her “official image”. A CBS photo specialist shaped Miss Couric from the original on the left. Miss Couric’s remarks were “I liked the first picture better because there’s more of me to love”.

6. Trotsky

Soviet Fun-1

The picture above was taken by L.Y. Leonidov on Nov 7, 1919 as the Soviet Union was celebrating the second anniversary of the October Revolution. In the centre is Lenin with his trade mark goatee and wearing a Soviet cap. Two people over to Lenin’s left is Trotsky wearing glasses and giving a salute. At this time Trotsky was a still a powerful figure in Russia and held the powerful chairman of the Supreme Military Council position. In 1967 in time for the V.I. Lenin in the Art of Photography, in Moscow, Trotsky and three others (Kamenev, Khalatov, and unknown) were airbrushed out of the photo.

5. Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln1+2-2

This nearly iconic portrait of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is a composite of Lincoln’s head and the Southern politician John Calhoun’s body. Putting the date of this image into context, note that the first permanent photographic image was created in 1826 and the Eastman Dry Plate Company (later to become Eastman Kodak) was created in 1881.

4. Josef Stalin

Stalin1+2-1

Stalin routinely air-brushed his enemies out of photographs. In this photograph a commissar (Nikolai Ivanovich Yezhov) was removed from the original photograph after falling out of favor with Stalin.

3. Kent State

Kentstate1+2-1

This Pulitzer Prize winning photo by John Filo shows Mary Ann Vecchio screaming as she kneels over the body of student Jeffrey Miller at Kent State University, where National Guardsmen had fired into a crowd of demonstrators, killing four and wounding nine. The original photograph shows a fence post directly behind Vecchio, that was removed in the published version.

2. National Geographic

Nationalgeographic1

In this National Geographic magazine cover story on Egypt, the Great Pyramids of Giza, in a horizontal picture by Gordon Gahen, were “squeezed” together to fit the magazine’s vertical format. Tom Kennedy, who became the director of photography at National Geographic after the cover was manipulated, stated that “We no longer use that technology to manipulate elements in a photo simply to achieve a more compelling graphic effect. We regarded that afterwards as a mistake, and we wouldn’t repeat that mistake today”.

1. Political Correctness

Uwmadison1+2-1

Hoping to illustrate its diverse enrollment, the University of Wisconsin at Madison doctored a photograph on a brochure cover by digitally inserting a black student in a crowd of white football fans. The original photograph of white fans was taken in 1993. The additional black student, senior Diallo Shabazz, was taken in 1994. University officials said that they spent the summer looking for pictures that would show the school’s diversity — but had no luck.

Contributor: Ravyn